Impacts of large-scale surface modifications on meteorological conditions and energy use: a 10-region modeling study

Publication Type

Journal Article

Date Published

04/1999

Abstract

<p>This paper summarizes results from a mesoscale modeling study to quantify the possible meteorological and energy-use impacts of large-scale increases in surface albedo and vegetative fraction. Ten regions in the U.S. were characterized and simulated in base- and modified-surface conditions. Time- and space-dependent meteorological variables were simulated for each region in four 3-day episodes to represent a range of seasonal variations.</p><p>Using a simple interpolative procedure, a complete year of hourly weather data was created for each region (based on episodic meteorological simulation results) and input into energy-use models. The modified weather input was used to assess the effects of large-scale albedo and vegetative fraction changes on annual energy consumption in each of the ten areas targeted in this study. The simulations suggest annual electricity savings of between 1 and 6.7 kWh m<sup>−2</sup> (of roof area) in residential neighborhoods and between 2 and 6.1 kWh m<sup>−2</sup> in office areas, depending on region. Annual gas penalties amount to up to 34.8 MJ m<sup>−2</sup> (of roof area) in residential neighborhoods and up to 21.1 MJ m<sup>−2</sup> in office areas.</p>

Journal

Theoretical and Applied Climatology

Volume

62

Year of Publication

1999

Notes

<p>Added to JabRef: 2010.04.21</p>

Issue

3-4
175

Pagination

175-185

ISSN

0177-798X
Research Areas: